How many bearings are there on a hydraulic excavator?

Posted by NTN Europe on 16/02/2022

A tracked hydraulic excavator requires about fifty bearings for its basic operation (travel and rotation).
Irrespective of its size and its use (earthwork, mining, demolition), it is made up of a crawler track chassis topped with a superstructure including the engine, hydraulic components (pump, motors, cylinders), the driving cab and the attachment (arm, boom, dipper, bucket).


The two track sets are each driven by a planetary reducer using 2 angular contact ball bearings or tapered bearings - for supporting the reducer - and 14 needle roller bearings - for planet gears.

► 32 bearings are thus necessary so that the machine can move.


The superstructure pivots 360° thanks to a slewing ring of about 1.50 m diameter fixed on the straight truck chassis and a hydraulic motor or a planetary reducer. This includes 12 needle roller bearings for the planet gears and 2 spherical roller bearings for the shaft support.

14 bearings contribute to the swing of the superstructure.


Note that the plain bearings equip the various joints located on the boom, the dipper and the bucket.



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